Since we get so many questions on this topic, we feel a blog post dedicated to your circuit breaker distribution panel might be helpful.
Your home’s circuit breaker control panel is like a superhero of your electrical system, quietly keeping your home safe from electrical problems.
Whether you live in a house, an apartment, condo, or any other type of dwelling, there’s a circuit breaker panel box doing its job behind the scenes.
Think of your breaker control panel as the control center of your home’s electricity. Its job is to make sure the incoming electricity flows smoothly to different parts of your house.
Understanding how your circuit breaker distribution panel works and what type you have is important. This is especially true if your home is on the older side or if you’re adding new appliances.
In this electrician’s blog, we’ll take you through the steps to figure out what kind of circuit breaker distribution panel your home has.
We’ll also look at whether it’s good enough for your home, and what to do if your panel needs an upgrade.
We want to help keep your home powered safely and ensure your breaker panel box meets all your electrical needs.
Understanding Your Circuit Breaker Distribution Panel
Identifying and type of electrical panel in your home is important for maintenance, upgrades, or when preparing for electrical work.
Before we dive in, let’s clear up a common misconception: there’s a difference between a circuit breaker and a circuit breaker control panel. However, they work together to keep your electricity flowing smoothly and safely.
Circuit Breaker vs Circuit Breaker Distribution Panel
The difference between a circuit breaker and a breaker panel is key to understanding your home’s electrical system.
Circuit Breakers: Circuit breakers are located inside the breaker panel and feature switches that can be toggled between ON and OFF to manage the flow of electrical power. If the breaker finds a problem, it will “trip” or turn off the power to that circuit. This helps to prevent issues like overheating and electrical fires.
Circuit Breaker Distribution Panel: The breaker control panel, also known as an electrical panel or breaker box, is where all the circuit breakers are located. It serves as the main distribution point for electricity. This panel takes the external power supply and provides electricity to specific areas or appliances in your home.
Steps on How to Identify the Type of Breaker Panel
Here’s how to determine the type of circuit breaker distribution panel you have.
Step 1: Locate Your Circuit Breaker Control Panel
The first step is to find your circuit breaker control panel. It is usually located in a utility room, basement, garage, or occasionally outside. Look for a gray metal box—this is where your home’s circuit breakers are housed.
Step 2: Safety First
Before inspecting the control panel, always keep safety top of mind. Remember, dealing with electricity isn’t a DIY project. Don’t open the control panel if you are uncertain about what you’re doing. Never touch the panel with wet hands or when standing in water. If unsure, it’s always safer to consult a professional electrician.
Step 3: Open the Control Panel Door
Carefully open the door of the circuit breaker distribution panel and look for any labels inside that offer model numbers or specifications. Often, there’s a label on the panel door providing manufacturer information and panel type.
Step 4: Examine the Breakers
Inside, you’ll find a row (or rows) of switches—these are your circuit breakers. Circuit breakers come in different types and sizes. The most common types are:
- Standard Single-Pole Breakers: Typically rated for 15 or 20 amps, these handle most of your home’s basic electrical needs.
- Double-Pole Breakers: Used for large appliances like dryers and ranges. These usually have ratings of 30-50 amps.
- GFCI Breakers: Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) breakers are used in damp areas, like bathrooms or kitchens.
- AFCI Breakers: Arc Fault Circuit Interrupter Breakers (AFCI), often used in bedrooms, help prevent electrical fires from arcs.
Notice the circuit breaker’s size, shape, and any colour-coded buttons (like test buttons on GFCI or AFCI breakers). Breakers might be single-pole (narrow) or double-pole (wider), indicating different uses.
Standard single-pole breakers typically occupy a single slot in the panel, while double-pole breakers take up two slots. The colour of the switch or label can also indicate its type.
Step 5: Identifying Breaker Brand & Specifications
Check for labels or markings on your circuit breakers. You might see brand names like ‘Siemens’, ‘GE’, or ‘Square D’. Also, look for details like amperage and voltage ratings, usually printed on the breaker itself.
To really know what type of circuit breaker distribution panel you have, you might want to look for a model number or a serial number inside the panel door. Sometimes, you can even find a date of manufacture, which tells you how old the breaker panel box is.
Regularly checking and really understanding your electrical system is key to keeping your home safe and running smoothly. Being informed about how your electrical setup works helps you take good care of your home. Stay informed and safe!
Common Types of Circuit Breakers
Your circuit breaker distribution panel can house different kinds of circuit breakers that control where the electricity goes. The most common types of circuit breakers are:
Main Breaker Switches
These are the main electrical switches in your home. They come with a big switch that can turn off all the power in the entire house. Inside the circuit breaker distribution panel there are smaller circuit breakers or switches for controlling different parts of your home.
Typical Usage: Main breaker switches are used to provide electricity to everything in your house, including lights, outlets, and appliances.
AFCI/GFCI Breaker Switch
Some homes have special electrical circuit breakers with advanced safety switches. AFCI breakers protect against electrical fires, while GFCI breakers protect against electric shocks.
Typical Usage: These special breaker switches are installed to control specific areas of the house like bedrooms, kitchens, and bathrooms to make sure you’re safe from fires and shocks.
Single Pole Electrical Breaker
A single pole breaker is like a light switch for your electrical system. It’s a small, narrow switch in your electrical panel. Typically, they are rated for 15 or 20 amps, which is enough for most small household appliances and outlets.
Typical Usage: You’ll find single pole breakers controlling things like lights, outlets, and small kitchen appliances.
Double Pole Breaker
A double pole breaker is like a bigger, double-light switch. It takes up more space in your electrical panel. These breakers usually have higher ratings, like 30, 40, or 50 amps. They can handle larger appliances and power equipment.
Typical Usage: Double pole breakers are used for big appliances like stoves, dryers, and air conditioners.
A tandem breaker is like having two single pole breakers in one slot. It’s a space-saving option. Similar to single pole breakers, often rated at 15 or 20 amps each.
Typical Usage: Tandem breaker switches are used in situations where you need more circuits but don’t have enough space in your panel. They can control multiple smaller circuits like bedroom outlets.
Note: All breaker switch images are courtesy of Home Hardware.
Main Lug Panels (Electrical Sub Panels)
An electrical sub panel is like an extra electrical box that connect to the main circuit breaker distribution panel in your house. Unlike the main panel, sub panels don’t have a big switch to turn off all the power at once.
Typical Usage: People install electrical sub panels when they need to power more things in a different part of the house, such as a basement or garage.
Fuse Boxes (Obsolete)
Some older homes, apartment buildings, and condos may still have fuse boxes. Instead of switches, they use fuses that can burn out if there’s too much electricity flowing through them.
Typical Usage: These are not recommended anymore because they are outdated and not as safe. They are being replaced with more modern options.
Split-Bus Panels (Obsolete)
These were used a long time ago and have multiple big switches at the top. However, they are not considered safe by today’s electrical standards.
Typical Usage: They are not used anymore because they are outdated and not considered safe for modern electrical needs.
IMPORTANT: Today’s electrical panels must comply with the Canadian Electrical Code (CEC) for safety and efficiency standards.
What Are Your Electrical Needs?
Imagine moving into a charming 40-year-old house, brimming with character and history. You love the looks of the older light fixtures and the quaint layout, but you soon notice the lights flickering occasionally, especially when using multiple appliances. This is a common scenario signalling that it’s time to assess your home’s main circuit breaker distribution panel.
Is Your Control Panel Adequate?
To see if your current breaker control panel is sufficient for your home’s needs, consider these factors:
- Panel Capacity: Look at the main breaker in your panel to see its amperage capacity, which tells you how much electricity it can handle. You’ll usually see numbers like 100, 150, 200, or 400 amps. The higher the number, the more electricity the breaker control panel can manage.
- Age of the Panel: Electrical panels that are more than 25 years old may not be up to date with today’s electrical needs and safety rules. You might want to consider an electrical panel upgrade.
- Signs of Wear or Damage: Check your circuit breaker panel for rust, burn marks, or signs that it’s getting too hot. These are clues that your panel might be having a hard time with the amount of electricity it’s dealing with and should be replaced.
- Changes in Electrical Consumption: If your electrical panel is at capacity and is already handling as much as it can, adding more things like new appliances might be too much for it.
- Frequent Circuit Breaker Tripping: If your circuit breakers are shutting off a lot, it could be a sign that your electrical panel is trying to handle more electricity than it can manage.
Checking these things will let you know if your circuit breaker distribution panel is good enough or if you need a new one. If your panel is old or you’re thinking about big changes to your home, it’s a good idea to get help from a licensed electrician. At Premium Electric, we can give you the best advice on what will work best for your home.
How to Choose the Right Breaker Panel for Your Home
Consider these points when it’s time to pick a new circuit breaker control panel:
- How Much Power Do You Need: Electrical panels come in different sizes like 100, 200, and 400 amps. More amps the panel has, the more electricity it can handle.
- Type of Breakers: There are different kinds like standard, GFCI (for wet areas like kitchens), and AFCI (for bedrooms). An electrician can help you choose what is right for your home.
- Match the Brand: Make sure your new circuit breaker distribution panel works with your current breakers unless you’re changing everything.
- Follow Canadian Guidelines: We recommend having an electrician help you pick a new electrical panel, one that will meet Canadian safety standards. This will help keep your home safe and up-to-code.
- Think About the Future: Got plans to add a big TV or a hot tub? Be sure to install an electrical panel that has room to grow.
- Ask a Professional: When in doubt, talk to us at Premium Electric. Licensed electricians can help determine what’s best for the needs of your home.
In Canada, we have a set of safety standards for electrical work to keep everything safe and up to code. When thinking about upgrading your electrical panel or making any big changes, it’s important to make sure everything meets these Canadian standards.
A licensed electrician will know all about these rules and can make sure your electrical system is not only safe but also legally compliant.
When to Upgrade Your Electrical Panel
Whether you have an older electrical setup in your home or if you get new electronics that will increase your electricity use you should get help. Our electricians can help you understand when and why you should upgrade your electrical panel. This can make your home safer, work better, and save you money in the long run.
Below are some instances when upgrading your circuit breaker distribution panel may be necessary:
You’re Adding More Electronics
If you get new appliances like air conditioners, electric vehicles, or powerful kitchen gadgets, your current circuit breaker control panel might not be able to meet the electrical demands any longer.
Doing Home Renovations
When you change your home by adding new rooms, more plugs, or additional electrical devices, you might need a bigger circuit breaker distribution panel to handle all the extra electricity.
Have An Outdated Electricity Box
If your electrical panel is really old and uses fuses instead of circuit breaker switches, it’s safer and more convenient to upgrade to a modern electrical panel.
Frequent Breaker Problems
If your circuit breaker switches keep turning off or your fuses keep blowing, it might mean your electrical panel is too busy, and it’s time to upgrade.
For more signs if you should upgrade your breaker control panel, read our blog post: ‘Signs That You Need to Update Your Home’s Electrical System’. While we can’t provide an extensive list, we can do our best to prepare you.
If you ever run into any trouble or you’re not sure about your circuit breaker types, don’t hesitate to reach out to a licensed electrician, like our team of experts here at Premium Electric.
Benefits of Upgrading Your Circuit Breaker Panel
Upgrading your circuit breaker distribution panel provides several benefits in terms of safety, convenience, and potential cost savings.
- More Electricity: Upgrading to a bigger breaker box lets you use more electricity in your home without causing problems.
- Safer: Newer panel boxes have special safety features that help prevent fires and electric shocks, making your home safer.
- Improved Convenience: Breaker panel switches are easier to deal with when there’s a problem. You just flip a switch instead of having to replace fuses.
- Compliance with Electrical Codes: Upgrading your panel makes sure your electrical system meets current electrical codes and standards.
- Use Less Energy: Some newer panels are designed with energy-saving features that can help reduce your electricity consumption and lower your energy bills.
- Home Value: If you ever sell your house, having an upgraded electrical panel can make it worth more because it shows your electrical system is modern and safe.
- Less Work: Modern circuit breakers need less maintenance, so you won’t have to fix them as often, saving you time and money.
About Premium Electric
Premium Electric is committed to providing you with efficient and safe residential and commercial electrical solutions. From electrical installations to electrical troubleshooting, repairs, and home electrical panel replacement, we are here to help.
Our entire team of electricians is fully bonded, and we’re available 24/7 for emergency electrical services, providing you with peace of mind around the clock.